Friday, March 16, 2012

Chapters 7 & 8 Study Guide

Chapters 7 & 8 Study Guide

How did the Industrial Revolution contribute to the growing sectionalism in the United States?
What were the consequences of the invention of the cotton gin?
Describe Henry Clay’s American System.  What was it? How was it supposed to  help the nation overcome sectionalism?
John Quincy Adams
Adams-Onís Treaty
What was the Monroe Doctrine? What motivated it? What role did the British play in its creation?
What motivated the Missouri Compromise?  Who promoted it?
Andrew Jackson
                Election of 1828
                Democratic Party
                Spoils system
                Indian policy:
                                Washington’s intended policy of treaties
                                Jackson’s policy of removal (Indian Removal Act of 1830)
                Trail of Tears
                The Bank War
                Jacksonian Democracy
What were the trends in the slave population of the South?
Who were the key leaders of the abolition movement? How did they disseminate their ideas?
In what ways did slaves resist slavery?
What was the Second Great Awakening? Describe the unique religious practices and beliefs of the following:
  • ·         Seventh-Day Adventists
  • ·         Christian Scientists
  • ·         Methodists
  • ·         Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • ·         Shakers

How did immigration reshape America’s workforce during the first half of the 19th century?
How did employers and the law respond to workers’ strikes?
Describe working and living conditions for girls at the Lowell Mills.
Who were the key leaders of the feminist movement and what role did they play?  What was the relationship between the feminist movement and other reforms (abolition and temperance)?
What was the Seneca Falls Convention? What was the Declaration of Sentiments?
What was McCulloch v. Maryland about? In Part I of the decision, the Supreme Court explains why the people are sovereign and not the states.  What is the reasoning for this? In Part II, the Supreme Court interprets the meaning of the “necessary and proper” clause because it is trying to determine whether the Bank of the United States is constitutional.  Explain the Court’s argument about the meaning of the “necessary and proper” clause.
Explain the mudsill theory. Why does Hammond argue the North is in a more precarious situation than the South?
What specific evidence does Frederick Douglass give to overturn misconceptions about slavery? Give several examples.
Understand the arguments in favor of slavery put forward by Thomas Dew.
Be able to interpret passages from Walden.
What is the proper role of books, according to Emerson? What is the relationship between thought and action, according to Emerson? What is nature?
Explain the concept of the Oversoul.

Identify the following:
Martin Van Buren
Whig Party
William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
Henry Clay
John C. Calhoun
Sojourner Truth
Lucretia Mott
Sarah and Angelina Grimké
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Nat Turner
Gag rule
William Lloyd Garrison
Frederick Douglass
Henry David Thoreau
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Charles Grandison Finney
Brook Farm

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